From a purely biological point of view, men’s and women’s hair is built up in the same way, but it still looks different. Men’s hair usually looks more stubborn, less soft and shiny. But that is simply because women wear their hair tends to be longer: “The longer the hair, the older and often attacked them, as they in their life have been exposed to many influences such as sunlight, chemical treatments, blow drying or hair washes,” says Welss. Male hair, on the other hand, is usually hardly damaged and shows its natural strength. As a result, it can be perceived as more stubborn and less soft. The impression that it is less shiny is also related to the length. Welss: “The shorter and more layered the cut, the less area the hair offers to reflect the light.”
But it is not only the length that determines the care, but also the frequency of hair washing. “Women tend to wash their heads less often than men and care products take this into account. Men’s shampoo, which is often used daily, must not irritate the scalp. If a man uses aggressive shampoo every day, it can quickly lead to dry scalp and dandruff. A shampoo for women, on the other hand, can be a bit stronger because it is used less often and usually has to clean more hair. ”Incidentally, there is nothing wrong with washing your hair every day if you use the right products. In this case, Welss recommends using a care product after cleaning, because the care performance of a shampoo is limited.
Some Question and Annswer For Hair Care Tips For Men
And what to do with oily hair
This comes about from oily hair, explains Welss: “A sebum gland is attached to the hair follicle of every hair – the sebum helps the hair slide out of the roots and protects the scalp. If these glands are very active, one tends to have greasy hair – this potentially also provides the breeding ground for a dandruff-causing yeast fungus. The male hormone testosterone also stimulates sebum production. ”Men are therefore more likely to have oily hair and dandruff – good care should take these factors into account.
Healthy diet, healthy hair
How healthy the hair is does not only depend on the length and care, but also on the diet . If you give your body all the nutrients it needs through a balanced diet, the scalp and hair are also given the best possible care. “Our skin and hair are exposed to different stress factors every day: harmful bacteria, environmental pollution or too much sunlight are some of them,” says the biologist. To guard against it, he recommends: Vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and polyunsaturated fatty acids – these contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids – as solid components of a balanced diet.
“Vitamins and minerals are vital because they maintain different processes in our cells – and that benefits the skin and the hair follicle. Antioxidants, on the other hand, protect against free radicals in the cells and thereby also help to keep the hair roots vital. And polyunsaturated fatty acids – found in nuts, flax seeds or fishery products, for example – are important for a healthy skin barrier. ”Care should also be taken to ensure that there is sufficient fluid intake, because it keeps the skin fresh. Hair health can be negatively influenced not only by an unbalanced diet, but also by genes.
This is often the reason why men’s hair thins with age: “In addition to disease-related hair loss , it is above all hereditary androgenetic alopecia that affects around half of men over the age of 50. In pronounced cases, however, the process can start earlier. ”Androgenetic alopecia is due to hereditary changes in the genetic make-up, explains Welss. Hair researchers have now described more than 150 of these changes in connection with premature hair loss: “Changes in the control of the male hormone testosterone are particularly well known,” says the biologist. And further: “The effect of testosterone on the hair follicle is no longer normalcontrolled, this can shorten the growth phase and, over a longer period of time, lead to complete miniaturization of the follicle. ”The first bald spots appear, which expand over time. Reduced hair volume can also be a result.
What do anti-hair loss products help?
Care products with special active ingredients should help – or at least slow down the process. However, one shouldn’t expect too much from it: “It is clear that cosmetic products do not interfere with the genetic make-up,” says Welss. With products against hair loss one wants to try to stimulate the hair follicle in alternative ways so that the hereditary, negative effects would be compensated. “Our laboratories carried out long-term drug studies and identified the combination of carnitine tartrate, taurine and Echinacea Pupurea, the extract of the coneflower, as particularly effective against premature hair loss,” says the biologist.
Mild care in cold temperatures
To itchy scalp and dandruff, it is particularly common in the cold season. The scalp is dry. This is due on the one hand to the temperature differences, cold outside and warm inside, as well as the dry air – this removes moisture from the skin. “Long, hot showers can also help. When the scalp dries out, it can become tight, itchy and prone to flaking, ”says Welss.
A mild shampoo is particularly important then, so as not to further dry out the natural skin protection, the scalp sebum. Other moisturizing care products such as a corresponding conditioner can help. The biologist sums up the most soothing ingredients: “Shampoos with cocamidopropyl betaine are ideal, they gently cleanse the scalp. Allantoin, bisabolol, panthenol or other plant ingredients are also helpful. ”
If the itching is too severe to ignore, massage it away gently with your fingertips. This also stimulates the blood circulation and thus activates the regeneration of the scalp. Scratching, on the other hand, damages the skin, which can result in even more extreme irritation. The hair dryer and styling products should also be used sparingly in this case. If you cannot do without styling, it is better to use hair wax or pomade , as this is less of a strain on the hair and scalp.
Incidentally, wearing hats only helps to a limited extent to protect the scalp from irritation. Although it keeps out the dry air outside, it also creates a negative climate on the scalp – this provides the ideal breeding ground for microorganisms that can also cause dandruff and itching. The biologist explains: “Skin fungi, for example, love a warm, humid environment that is also rich in nutrients such as sebum. The resulting breakdown products such as free fatty acids irritate the scalp and dandruff can form. That means, hat yes, but always ventilate the scalp. “